It’s no secret that coffee, like most staples in your kitchen, has an expiration date – it is stated on the package, after all. But can your favorite Java go bad before that? How can you tell if your coffee has gone rancid? Is it even safe to consume it once it passes its prime?
All your confusions regarding coffee’s safety come clear in this article. Read on and learn how to ensure the freshness of every single cup of Joe.
Coffee beans, like all other beans for that matter, can go bad. And while whole coffee has a slightly longer lifespan, their fragmented self – ground coffee – won’t last as long. Because of the breaking-down process, they are much more susceptible to unwanted chemical reactions – their rate of evaporation is quicker than that of whole beans.
On average, the shelf life of ground coffee is 3 to 5 months at room temperature if sealed and about a couple of weeks for opened packages.
And if you are worried about bacteria or another sickening contaminant, the chances for that are pretty skim. Unless you don’t store your grounds in an exceptionally moist place, your coffee will stay safe to consume because the roasting process lowers the moisture significantly.
The only thing that gets killed off with time is the taste. The longer it sits on the shelf, the less flavorful the coffee is.
When your coffee goes rancid, your eye will not be able to spot any differences because the physical appearance stays the same. If you suspect that your coffee has become spoiled, your best bet is to smell it.
Fresh coffee has a strong and caramel-like fragrance, but once it goes past its prime, these oils will get degraded. The aroma will be pleasant no more, and your nose will most likely be able to detect dusty, ashtray-like scent.
If you’ve already brewed it, leave it for about an hour and then taste it. If it is super sour with intense bitter notes, it is most likely rancid.
As already mentioned, ground coffee can stay fresh at room temperature for 3 to 5 months. But if it does get spoiled, it will not make you sick – it will just fail to provide the taste and flavor you’re looking for in a freshly brewed pot.
Whole beans, on the other hand, can stay fresh for about 6 to 9 months – thanks to their solid form, they can keep their molecular compounds intact longer.
And if you’re wondering whether you can consume your beans once their best-before date expires – sure. Grounds should stay safe to drink for 3-5 months after, and whole coffee for up to 9 months. They will not make you sick. The flavor, though – not so guaranteed!
Instant coffee is an extremely broken-down ground coffee, but unlike its bigger siblings – it can last the longest. Practically indestructible, you can safely consume an opened package of Instant coffee (without getting sick but without the flavor and taste as well!) for up to 2 years.
But the question remains – can it go bad? Sure! Just like any type of coffee, Instant coffee can also turn rancid. To check if the coffee is spoiled, just smell it. If it has an off odor, then you should probably toss it away.
You can do the smell test to check for freshness as well (remember, fresh coffee has a robust and caramel-like fragrance), but it is probably best if you’ve brewed it first. Once brewed (regardless of the brewer), the freshest coffee will always have a thin layer of crema sitting on top.
If the brewed result is a thin black beverage, it is most likely stale.
If you have whole beans, you can check how fresh they are by adding a handful to a ziplock bag, pressing the leftover air out, sealing it, and leaving overnight. If the bag puffs up, that is a result of the released carbon dioxide, meaning they are no older than 7-10 days. If there isn’t any air inside the back, the beans are not fresh.
If you want the freshest coffee – do not store it brewed. Regardless of the method, it will not taste as it does straight from the brewer, period. But If you need to, then it is probably best to pour it into a thermal container.
If you do not have a thermal carafe, you can just place it in an air-tight container and refrigerate it. Once out of the fridge, reheat it in a microwave or the hot plate, but make sure not to overdo it as boiling it will give you a bitter, burnt taste.
Everything lasts longer if stored in vacuum containers, so, understandably, the shelf life of vacuum-packed coffee is significantly longer.
Ground Coffee – Up to 5 months stored in the pantry
Whole Beans – Up to 9 months stored in the pantry
Instant Coffee – Up to 20 years
Theoretically, brewed coffee, stored in an air-tight container, can stay safe to drink for up to two weeks in the fridge. However, we wouldn’t recommend keeping it for more than 6-7 days.
After a week, your brewed Java is likely to take on a stale flavor.
And if you want the best taste (as close to a freshly brewed cup as possible), consume within a day.
Should we really collaborate? If you want the most flavorful and aromatic mouthfeel in the morning, then settling for stale coffee is probably a bad idea.
Coffee is at its peak while it is still fresh. The oil content is highest; the acids are the crispest; the fragrance is the most appealing. For the sweetest and most balanced brew, choose only the freshest beans.
As a rule of thumb, strive for purchasing coffee roasted within the last week.
How you store your coffee plays a huge role in the taste of your brews. Again, if stored in non-air-tight containers, your coffee will not make you sick, but it will not give you the oomph you are looking for either.
The best containers for coffee storage are air-tight – to lock oxygen out and prevent early oxidation, and opaque – to ensure that light will not get through.
Also, keep in mind that the flavorful compounds trapped in the beans will decay sooner in a hot place, so make sure to find a cool spot for your coffee container.
So, you’ve found a batch of expired Instant coffee at the back of your pantry. Should you immediately dump it in the trash? Not so quick! If the bag is unopened, you should probably give it a taste.
Sealed Instant coffee survives way past its best-before date. Brew a batch and have a sip. If it is not sour or bitter, and if the smell is not off-putting, you are good to go.
However, if it is opened and doesn’t smell right, or if there are white particles visible, toss it away. There’s nothing that makes a disgusting and spoiled cup of Joe worth it.
Now that you know how and when your coffee turns rancid, we are sure you will never brew such a batch ever again. A stale cup will not kill you but remember – the pleasure is in the preciousness of a freshly prepared Java. Why settle for less? Your taste buds will be grateful!